Miscellaneous Aviation Medical Matters
CIOS Intelligence Report. XXIX-21. Combined [British/US] Intelligence Objectives Sub-Committee (CIOS). August 1945.
** A substantial report on German wartime research, frequently conducted without regard for ethical considerations, into general aviation medical matters and on the patho-physiological aspects of prolonged exposure to cold resulting from aircrew baling out at high altitude or landing in water.
CIOS 'Black List of targets for urgent investigation' category: Medical
163 pages, numerous German wartime photographs/illustrations, 14 preliminary pages in English followed by about 150 pages of German "Geheim" (secret) reports dating from 1942 to 1944.
Very good in original stapled card wrappers.
War crimes: Nuremberg Trials
This large scale study by Major Leo Alexander examining German wartime research on various risks attached to high-level flight and cold is notorious for containing details of human experimentation on inmates at Dachau concentration camp by Doctors Rascher and Romburg.
This 1945 CIOS report for the first time put the German wartime secret reports and illustrations in aviation-related medical research into the public domain - this evidence, together with Major Alexander's companion CIOS July 1945 report Neuropathology and Neurophysiology Including Electro-Encephalography in Wartime Germany, was later used as evidence at the "Doctors' Trial" at Nuremberg in December 1946.
Major Leo Alexander
Leo Alexander (October 11, 1905 – July 20, 1985), the compiler of this report, was an American psychiatrist and neurologist of Austrian-Jewish origin. During the war, he worked in Europe under United States Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson as an army medical investigator with the rank of Major.
After the war, he was appointed chief medical advisor to Telford Taylor, the U.S. Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, and participated in the Nuremberg Trials in November 1946 where he was a key medical advisor. Alexander wrote part of the Nuremberg Code, which provides legal and ethical principles for scientific experiment on humans.
A true rarity
The Wiener Library in London, one of the world's leading archives on the Holocaust, holds a copy of this report; with one more example in London and two in Germany. No copy is noted as being held by any US library (unlikely, of course).